Category Archives: Construction Technology

Clients Will Look Up Your Contractor License – Be Prepared!

Maybe you just realized your contractor license is past expiration, but you’re still completing a job. Maybe you’re taking on odd jobs here or there and the classification of your contractor license doesn’t actually cover that category of work. Maybe you’re just curious — Will the people who hire you check up on the validity of your license? Can they even check?

Yes. Clients can and will check to ensure that their contractors and their licenses are in good standing – and why wouldn’t they? Wouldn’t you do your due diligence if you were spending thousands on a new home or millions on an office?

Your clients will 100% check your license, so you need to be prepared to keep your license up-to-date…or failing that, do what you can to fix it. Here’s how.

Keep Your Contractor License Current…Or Else!

One of the first things your clients will do while hiring you is to check the validity and current status of your contractor’s license.

The client is looking for certainty and safety. They want to know that the significant money they are investing into their construction project is going to be put to good use by someone who knows what they’re doing.

In their minds, the outcome of their construction project depends on you and the entire contractor team being fit to work and in good legal standing with the state of California. Not only are they looking to make sure that you’ll deliver a good product, but they also want to know that they’ll be safe living and working in the house you built – two things that are verified by a license.

Not having a valid license will not only scare away potential clients who would much rather go with someone legitimate and licensed, but it will also lead to severe criminal penalties should you take on jobs over $500 without a license.

The state of California does not mess around when it comes to unlicensed contracting. Get a license, or don’t even think about doing construction. It’s that simple.

Anyone Can Check Your Contractor License On The CSLB Website

You can always count on clients visiting the Contractors State License Board (CSLB) website to check the status of your license. And it makes sense too, doesn’t it?

With the CSLB being the governing body responsible for issuing and regulating whatever contractor licenses you hold, they’re likely the first and only place someone might think to search for and verify the documents you hold indicating that you’re eligible for contractor work.

Since anyone can and will check your license at any time, thanks to the magnificence of the internet, it’s more important than ever to maintain your license and make sure you’re in good standing with the CSLB.

What Do Clients Check to Decide if You’re a Safe Choice?

Clients will always do their diligence when it comes to construction projects. If that’s surprising to you, you might consider another field of work.

People will naturally want to make sure the hundreds, thousands, hundreds of thousands, or hundreds of millions of dollars they’re investing in their construction project are being invested wisely and carefully.

Here’s the 5 main things they’ll look for.

  • Your Contractor License Number
    Your business card, website, wherever you advertise your services, or even your licensing documents themselves are a few places from where a person hiring you will grab your license number. Once they have that info, they will run a check on the CSLB website to see if you’re legit.
  • Previous Work
    One of the most obvious things that clients will look at when validating your qualifications is your previous work – especially previous work that is similar to their current project.
  • References
    Contractors – and people in general – first look to references from people they know and trust. As you grow your career, your network and references will grow, creating more opportunities and building your reputation in your niche.
  • Website
    A professional website is essential to creating a positive, professional impression on your potential client. There’s no excuse to not have a simple, beautiful website in 2024. Sure, it’s easier to not set up a website, but you’re just leaving money on the table.
  • Social Media
    The folks hiring you want to know that you have valid worker’s compensation insurance coverage. They’ll want to be sure that they are not liable in case of injuries to you or your employees while you complete their construction projects.
  • Reviews
    Of course, they’ll want to check reviews and the personal testimony of previous clients. How did you do? How was your rapport? Clients work to gather insights and impressions to get a sense of what it might be like to work with you.


Verifying the validity and current status of your California contractor’s license is often a client’s first step toward building trust in you and your work.

While it can be tough to keep renewing licenses and applying for additional licenses depending on the nature of your construction projects, it’s worth it if it means retaining clients and maintaining your reputation as a reliable and capable contractor.

As a contractor, your reputation is everything, and like it or not, a valid contractor license in good standing with the CSLB can make or break your reputation immediately.

C-10 Electrical Contracting License Guide for General Contractors

Ever hired a subcontractor as a general contractor only for the sub not to show up when it’s time to do the job? Of course, you have – this is the construction industry we’re talking about, where no-call no-shows are commonplace, even among seasoned contractors.

How many times have you, as a general contractor, looked at a faucet install and thought: “I should just do this”?

More commonly, how many times have you had to wait around for an electrician to show up just to do a simple wire-up?

Instead of delaying progress on a project until you can bring in an available sparky to do your electrical work, you might think about getting a C-10 license yourself.

If you want the option to perform electrical work all on your own, you must obtain a Special Class C-10 license. With this new classification in your arsenal, you’d be legally cleared to work on…

  • Electrical Wiring
    Your everyday residential, commercial, and industrial installs, such as wiring for lighting systems, power distribution, and electrical panels.
  • Electrical Repairs
    You’d be legally allowed to assess, diagnose, and fix electrical issues on a deeper level than as a general contractor alone.
  • Installation of Electrical Fixtures
    The installation of electrical fixtures like outlets, switches, light fixtures, ceiling fans, and circuit breakers would be in your hands. This is huge for a general contractor.
  • Low Voltage Systems
    You’d be legally cleared to handle low-voltage electrical systems, including security systems, intercoms, data cabling, and telecommunications infrastructure.
  • Electrical Upgrades
    You could upgrade existing electrical systems, including capacity upgrades, electrical panel replacements, and the installation of energy-efficient electrical components.
  • Electrical Maintenance
    You could carry out routine electrical maintenance services. And you wouldn’t have to wait for subcontracted specialists to come in to inspect electrical systems to confirm that everything is functioning safely and optimally.
  • Electrical Design
    You could provide electrical design services, including creating electrical plans and layouts for new construction or renovation projects.
  • Safety and Code Compliance
    Monitoring electrical work and regulating safety also comes with the C-10 territory. You’d be qualified to evaluate and confirm that electrical systems are compliant with state and local building codes and industry standards.
  • Electrical Inspections
    You’d also be authorized to inspect electrical systems by yourself to verify compliance. You could assess risk and examine the functionality of the electrical installation.

Maintaining Your C-10 License

Picture yourself with your C-10 license in hand and you’re (literally) keeping the lights on with all your new electrical jobs. Now that you’re juggling two license classifications, it’s critical that you stay plugged in with the latest California Contractors State License Board (CSLB) regulations on top of all the various codes and laws around electrical work.

Electrical codes evolve. So do industry-wide practices. To make sure all your work is safe and meets current standards, the CSLB requires periodic exams and continuing education for licensed contractors.

  • Pass Your Exams: Your requirements for C-10 licensing exams can be found on the CSLB website. We recommend taking a CSLB exam course to ace your exams. At the very least, this study guide is specifically designed for electrical exam takers.
  • Meet The Experience Requirements: You need a certain amount of on-the-job experience before securing a class C-10 contractor license. The amount of that experience varies depending on whether you want to be a general electrician or a fire/life/safety technician or if the work you’re performing is residential vs. nonresidential – but you need at least 2,000 hours of electrical experience to be qualified for even the lowest tier.
  • Get and Stay Insured: General contractors like you already know that having a contractor bond and – in many cases, workers’ comp – are required for your overall operations. The terms of your bond and insurance coverage plans may change when you take on electrical work, but your responsibility to maintain this coverage remains the same. Learn more about the bonds you need as a contractor in 2024.
  • Stay Continually Educated! A big part of maintaining a C-10 Electrical Contractor license is continuing education. You’re required to keep yourself updated on the latest electrical codes, regulations, and industry best practices and that means enrolling in the right courses to keep you covered. Check out the full list of Department of Industrial Relations-approved continuing education providers.

Is the C-10 License worth it for general contractors?

There’s a lot of responsibility that comes with the C-10 License. So take a look at all your work across a calendar year and think about how much electrical work you actually plan to do.

Is the cost of insurance worth it? Are the fees associated with the C-10 License worth it? Run a cost-benefit analysis and decide for yourself!

It’s possible that securing a C-10 license would save you time and money because you wouldn’t have to wait and schedule with subcontractors. But it’s also possible that you’d save time and money because you hired subcontractors.

No matter what you choose, play it safe. Always follow the guidelines set by the CSLB. Remember, you must accumulate the required amount of experience and pass your exam before you even apply for a class C-10 license.

If you can keep your bonds and insurance agreements in good standing and remain up to date on continuing education for this specific classification of work, maybe you really are that contractor who can keep the electrical part of their career switched on.

For more on general contractors holding C-10 licenses, check out our comprehensive article on Class B and C-10 Licenses.

AI and Automation Construction Trends 2024

As contractors, we have to constantly adapt to the changing circumstances of our world. 2023 was the year when AI exploded into prominence as a widely-used and rapidly growing tool to be used in industries of all sizes.

With 2023 behind us, it’s important to look forward to 2024 with an eye toward AI and automation, and its role in the construction industry. As AI and automation become more sophisticated in the next few years, we’ll see our entire society become reconfigured.

Where the world will end up in the age of ubiquitous, useful AI and automation is anyone’s guess. What we can predict with 100% certainty is that AI and automation are here to stay – and any contractor who neglects the incredible power they can provide is one who gets left behind.

With that in mind, let’s take a look at 10 key trends in AI and automation to look out for as you prepare for an exciting and successful 2024.

Advanced Project Management Tools

One of the main areas where AI and automation have become commonplace – if not expected – is in project management. Since so many construction projects follow the same pathways and same milestones, it’s easy for AI to learn the common methodology on your projects, so it can make your processes more efficient.

Autodesk’s Construction Cloud, along with their Design and Make Platform, offers a suite of project management tools that streamline construction projects with features like automatic submittal logs generation and centralized construction meeting minutes. Autodesk provides a centralized workspace connecting all teams in the built environment, leveraging AI for better project data analysis and decision-making.

Other popular PM tools include HiveMind, a real-time AI assistant that can write content, plan projects, streamline work, and respond to emails; ClickUp, with its AI-powered scheduling assistant, optimizes construction scheduling considering task dependencies, team availability, and project priorities; and Ayanza, an AI management software, enhances team performance and collaboration with AI-powered strategy enhancements and AI-driven brainstorming.

Robotic Bricklayers

As you might expect, automated machinery is becoming more and more commonplace on construction sites. These days, the most common type of machine-driven construction comes in the form of masonry. Look out for robotic masons and automated bricklaying to make a big splash in 2024 as it saves time and money in terms of labor and materials.

Construction Robotics’ SAM and Australian robotics company FBR’s Hadrian X robot automates the bricklaying process, working from a 3D CAD model to place bricks with the speed and precision humans can only dream of – saving money on materials and labor.
AI-Powered Drones for Inspection

Drones have long been commonplace on job sites, but AI drones are going to be the next big thing. The big difference between regular drones and AI-powered drones is the automated version allows for more complex mapping and control, allowing all parties more specific, more detailed information than in the past.

AI-driven drones from companies like Skydio are becoming increasingly popular for autonomous inspection of construction sites. DroneDeploy‘s software leverages AI for analyzing drone-captured imagery, providing insights for construction site monitoring and management. offers a revolutionary AI-powered visual documentation platform for preconstruction data analysis, capturing 360-degree walkthroughs of construction sites and creating digital twins​​ for review across teams.

3D Printing in Building Construction

3D printing is another hot topic for construction nerds. While we’ve long been promised the ability to print cheaper, more malleable, longer-lasting materials via 3D printing, only recently has that become reasonable and available to the general public.

Companies like ICON are building entire communities from fully 3D-printed materials, using automated construction to help put it together in a trend that is only going to continue to blossom.

Augmented Reality (AR) for On-site Visualization

AR has become an increasingly useful tool for contractors. Mostly used to communicate visuals to clients and other external stakeholders, AR can be extremely useful for getting buy-in on an idea or to sell your idea. It also allows teams to communicate ideas with one another more effectively.

Microsoft’s HoloLens and Trimble’s AR technology allow for the overlay of 3D models onto physical construction sites to help stakeholders visualize various aspects of the process.
Enhanced BIM with AI

Building information modeling, or BIM, is probably one of the most important software updates of the last few decades, drastically improving the ability of teams and stakeholders to visualize and communicate building ideas in complex environments. AI and automation only push this further, allowing for more effective construction.

Bentley Systems’ BIM software incorporates AI to streamline design processes and predict potential conflicts. Graphisoft’s Archicad, a BIM software, integrates AI to assist in design optimization and collaboration. Fusion 360 – the biggest of the BIM platforms – integrates AI-powered tools into the CAD process via Autodesk’s infamous AutoCAD, enhancing design efficiency and accuracy with its generative design capabilities.

Machine Learning Material Optimization

With inflation and supply chain issues, material management is becoming one of the best ways for contractors to cut costs and improve their bottom line. Machine learning allows contractors to get deeper, more relevant insights that provide more opportunities to save on materials while delivering the same quality.

ALICE Technologies uses machine learning in its construction software to optimize construction sequencing and material usage, aiming to reduce costs and environmental impacts. Fieldwire uses advanced AI algorithms for real-time data aggregation to monitor and maintain your job site, leveraging real-time data tools to do so most efficiently.

Blockchain for Smart Contracts

Crypto has lost its sheen a bit since blowing up around 2019-2021, but blockchain technology is only increasing in usage across industries. Blockchain tech can be extremely powerful for construction companies for communication and transparency both internally and externally.

IBM Blockchain is used in construction for creating smart contracts, ensuring transparency and efficiency in contract management, while BuildSort’s blockchain platform focuses on simplifying contract management in construction, enhancing collaboration and record-keeping.

AI for Safety Compliance

AI and automation can be extremely useful in maintaining safety compliance with OSHA, your state, and even the federal government. By leveraging real-time data, AI and automation can predict or detect issues before they become bigger problems that compromise your business. uses AI and real-time data analysis to detect any safety hazards on-site and maintain compliance on jobs, while Pillar Technologies similarly uses sensors and AI to monitor environmental conditions on construction sites, helping to ensure safety standards are met.

Sustainability and Energy Analysis

Sustainability and energy usage will only continue to become more important as we suffer the increasing impacts of climate change. With this in mind, automated energy detection, analysis, and consultation are becoming a key element of AI-driven construction, allowing contractors and clients to save money by tracking and maintaining energy costs.

Johnson Controls uses AI in its building management systems to optimize energy usage in construction projects. Siemens Building Technologies integrates AI to enhance energy efficiency and sustainability in building operations.

Stay Up To Date…Or Else

Sure, in many ways, AI is really scary – 2023 was the first year where AI and automation started taking on jobs that seemed previously untouchable, such as the arts and other creative occupations.

It goes without saying that the construction industry is facing similar challenges with AI – but AI and automation also present a unique challenge to contractors who are willing to learn how to use it to their advantage.

Any contractor who neglects the impact AI is having on our world is a contractor who is left behind – so make sure you’re staying up-to-date with the latest tools, opportunities, and threats in the industry, so you can maintain your competitiveness in the construction industry.

How To Find Your Contractor’s License Number

If you’re a construction contractor in California, knowing how to find your Contractors State License Board (CSLB) contractor’s license number is essential for winning clients, staying compliant, and, well, pretty much everything you do as a contractor in the state.

In this quick guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about checking your contractor’s license number – what it is, where to find it, and how to maintain your license status with the CSLB.

The CSLB License: The Basics

In California, a contractor’s license is provided by the CSLB. This certification legally allows you to bid on and work on construction projects that fall under the umbrella of your license classification.

For example, if you’re an electrician, you can only take on electrician jobs, while Class B General Contractor license holders can naturally only take on gen con jobs.

Every CSLB license is tied to a specific contractor license number that is generated and maintained by the CSLB in a central database. This contractor license number is how you are identified by the CSLB, SWIFT, and other authorities when it comes to ensuring compliance with contractor license law.

In addition to legal authorities, many clients will request your contractor license number, so they can do their diligence on you and make sure that you are who you say you are and that you are licensed and capable of doing the job you are bidding for.

Where Is Your Contractor License Number?

When it comes to finding your contractor license, there’s a number of easy ways to locate it. The first and easiest is to check the documents the CSLB gave you – but it’s also easy to check online using the CSLB license checker.

Find Your License Number On CSLB Official Documents

  • CSLB Correspondence: Your license number is mentioned in any official communication from the CSLB. Check your business mailbox or your PO Box and there will almost certainly be a piece of mail from the CSLB with your number on it.
  • License Certificate: The number is displayed prominently on your license certificate. You should always keep your license certificate in a safe place, but somewhere where you can have it on hand as well, just in case you need to show it to someone.

Check Your CSLB License Online

  • The CSLB License Check Tool: Visit the CSLB website and use the Check a License tool. Simply input your name or your business’ name and it will quickly spit out all the details about your license (including your current license status and any potential holds against your license).

Print Your Own Cards

  • Business Cards and Advertisements: It’s a no-brainer to put your license number on your business cards and ads for your business. It’s convenient not only for you but for your customers, as they can quickly make sure that you’re legit and worth their money. In short, having your number front and center immediately separates the wheat (you) from the chaff (sketchy contractors)

Verifying Your CSLB License Status

Having issues finding your CSLB license number and need to find out why? Or maybe you used the CSLB license checker and found

Online Verification

  • Head To the CSLB’s Website: Start by visiting the CSLB’s website.
  • Use the CSLB License Checker Tool: Input your license number in the Check a License tool.
  • Review Details: Ensure your license status is active and check for any compliance issues.

Phone Verification

  • Call the CSLB: Dial 1-800-321-CSLB (2752). The automated system provides license information – all you have to do is tell them your license number and they can provide all the additional information.

Keeping Your License Information Updated

In some cases, you may need to update your license information. Maybe you moved to another city or maybe you removed an operating partner from your business. In any case, the CSLB requires you to promptly and directly update your information to them as soon as possible – or face the consequences of losing your license. Remember, it’s your responsibility to update your information – it is YOUR JOB to make sure your license is correct and valid.

Updating Contact Information

  • Online Update: Use the CSLB website to keep your contact details current.
  • Regular Checks: Regularly check and update your license information to avoid any compliance issues. Good contractors constantly make sure they are licensed.

Renewal and Compliance

  • Timely Renewal: Be aware of the renewal dates and comply with the necessary procedures to keep your license active. Licenses are only active for two years, so make sure you’re keeping your license up to date!


For contractors in California, keeping track of your license number and ensuring it’s active and compliant is crucial for your professional operations. Utilize the CSLB website and maintain up-to-date records for smooth business operations.

Remember, your contractor’s license number is not just a legal requirement, but a representation of your professional credibility in the construction industry in California – one that immediately signals to potential customers that you are worthy of their business.

Regular checks and updates are not only good to do but essential for any contractor worth their salt to make sure they’re staying above board with the CSLB and not operating illegally. Anything related to your license is your responsibility.

Reminder For Contractors: Civil Penalties Have Changed For Contractors Via Section 884

A reminder to all contractors that in August of 2023, the Contractors State License Board (CSLB) in California made crucial changes to Section 884 of Title 16, Division 8, of the California Code of Regulations.

These changes are generally about civil penalties in case of litigation by a client against a contractor, with the CSLB amending a full schedule of changes with associated costs based on the gross amount of damages created by the contractor in a civil suit.

We’ll cover the basics of these changes so contractors can enter 2024 armed with the knowledge to protect themselves from serious penalties.

Overview of Section 884 Amendments

The Key Information: Changes To Civil Penalties

The amendment to Section 884 introduces new penalty ranges for various violations under California law as per the CSLB.

For example, violations under Section 7028 now carry a penalty ranging from $200 to $8,000, while more severe violations, such as those under Section 7114, can attract penalties ranging from $500 to $30,000. There are roughly fifty.

We’ll attach a full civil penalties schedule for Section 884 Amendments at the end of this article.

How Are Civil Penalties Assessed By The CSLB?

The revised regulations allow the Registrar to consider several factors when determining penalties. Most of these are already applied, as the CSLB takes every contractor’s unique case into consideration when determining punishments.

The new changes outline that the Registrar can include the presence of multiple violations, a history of previous offenses, bad faith, the seriousness of the violation, and violations affecting vulnerable populations like seniors or disabled persons when outlining the penalties for civil suits.

Additionally, where a citation lists multiple violations related to the same construction project, the total penalty assessment in each citation is capped at different maximum amounts depending on the nature of the violations, with a general cap of $8,000, but going up to $15,000 or $30,000 for more serious offenses.

What Do Contractors Need To Do To Stay Compliant?

If you’re a contractor who is aware of the changes, you can stay compliant with the changes. As always, contractors who tend to be compliant tend to stay compliant – so you probably don’t have anything to worry about.

Bad actors; however, are in serious trouble with these new fees, as they can become extremely punitive to contractors who have a history of taking advantage of clients. We’re not really writing for those people anyway – chances are they don’t know and don’t care about regulation changes.

However, for good contractors like yourself, regular review of your practices makes sense, so you can ensure that you align with these new CSLB standards.

In addition to the new Section 884 changes, here’s some ways to stay compliant with Section 884 and other related regulations, contractors in California should be aware of the following:

  • Workers’ Compensation Insurance Requirements: Now, certain contractor classifications such as concrete (C-8), HVAC (C-20), asbestos abatement (C-22), and tree service (D-49) are required to have workers’ compensation insurance, regardless of whether they have employees. By January 1, 2026, this requirement will extend to all licensed contractors.
  • Increased Penalties for Permit Violations: Assembly Bill 1747 has increased potential civil penalties to $30,000 for violations of Business and Professions Code Section 7110, which includes disregard for state or local laws related to building permits.
  • Public Disclosure of Letters of Admonishment: The CSLB can now make letters of admonishment public for up to two years, depending on the violation’s severity, contractor’s good faith, and violation history. Another incentive to stay compliant!
  • Fee Reduction for Veteran Contractors: Assembly Bill 2105 allows a 50% reduction in initial license or registration fees for veterans.


As always, it’s critical that you stay informed on all the latest regulatory and compliance changes. It’s on you to be aware of all the laws and codes that regulate contractor law – so make sure you’re constantly staying up to date, both in terms of your knowledge and your application of said knowledge.
There’s no excuse for falling afoul of compliance in 2024 – we all have the internet – so make sure your ship is tight, so you don’t sink under the weight of rules and regs.

Find California Code Section 884 Civil Penalties Schedule Here.

An Essential Guide To Prime Contracts vs. Subprime Contracts for California Contractors

When it comes to booking work as a general contractor or a subcontractor in California, it’s absolutely essential that you know the finer points of prime and subprime contracts.

You can face substantial legal consequences if you run afoul of a contract – whether on purpose or by accident – so knowing what belongs in a prime or subprime contract means protecting your business from the law.

But as contractors, we’re not lawyers – we just build things – so many contractors know very little about prime and subprime contracts. In this article, we’ll fill you in on all the essential elements of prime and subprime contracts, so you can make sure your business is compliant now and in the future.

Construction Prime Contracts in California

What Is A Prime Contract?

Prime contracts are the most essential contracts that you’ll find on construction projects, involving direct relationships between the project owner and the primary contractor. Usually, a general contractor or a construction manager are the ones that are involved in prime contracts.

This contractor holds complete responsibility for project execution, which may include hiring and managing multiple subcontractors for various project components. When a prime contractor hires any subcontractors, a subprime contract is created.

Legal Requirements and Provisions

When it comes to what needs to be prime contracts in California, there’s a lot to be aware of. Prime contracts have far more legal requirements and frameworks than subprime contracts, which are a bit more random and ad hoc to the job itself. Subprime contracts can be easily worked out between the prime contractor and the subcontractor, with no oversight necessary.

Prime contracts are heavily regulated by the state. California law mandates specific provisions in prime contracts, including the inclusion of the contractor’s license number, adherence to regulations set by the Contractors’ State License Board, and compliance with the Business and Professions Code.

These contracts must also comply with provisions for home improvement projects, as detailed in Section 7159 of the Business and Professions Code​​.

When it comes to making sure you’re in compliance with California law, we highly recommend hiring a lawyer. The reality is that we’re only contractors – we’re not equipped to understand the labyrinth that is California contract law.

What Needs To Be In A Prime Construction Contract In California?

There are specific stipulations set forth by the California legal system as to what exactly needs to be in a prime contract for construction.

These requirements are constantly changing and can be extremely specific – it’s important that you hire a legal specialist to make sure your contracts are compliant.

That said, here are the main things that absolutely must be in a prime contract in California.

  1. Contractor’s License Number: The California Business and Professions Code section 7030.5 mandates that all construction contracts must include the contractor’s license number. This applies to prime contracts, subcontracts, bids, and advertising forms​.
  2. Statement for Complaint Procedure: A statement informing all parties that complaints against the contractor can be filed with the Contractors’ State License Board within certain time frames for patent and latent acts or omissions​.
  3. Disclosure for Suspended or Revoked License: If a contractor’s license has been suspended or revoked more than once in an eight-year period, this must be disclosed before entering into a contract for residential property work​​.
  4. Additional Provisions for Prime Contracts (Other than Home Improvement Contracts):
    A statement as required by Business and Professions Code section 7030(a), informing about contractor licensing regulations and the jurisdiction of the Contractors’ State License Board​.

In addition to those three general stipulations, there’s also some specific requirements for home improvement contractors (B-2 Remodeling Contractors and their various subcontractors).

Specific Provisions for Home Improvement Prime Contracts: Prime contracts for home improvement projects must comply with the detailed requirements outlined in Business and Professions Code section 7159. These include, but are not limited to:

  • The contract must be in writing and include the title “Home Improvement” in boldface type. No, really.
  • The contractor’s name, business address, and contractor’s license number must be clearly stated.
  • Detailed information about the contract price, payment schedule, project description, start and completion dates.
  • Clauses related to extra work and change orders.
  • Specific notices about mechanics liens, insurance, and the project owner’s right to cancel.

Construction Subprime Contracts in California

What Is A Subprime Contract?

Subprime contracts, commonly referred to as subcontracts, are those contracts between specialized contractors undertaking specific tasks within a larger project, such as electricians or plumbers – anyone with a Class C license in California.

These are the types of contracts that general contractors and subcontractors enter into. They outline what type of work is to be performed by the subcontractor, what the timelines are, what work is expected of the contractors, and what the penalties are for falling foul of what’s in the contract.

Legal Requirements

The specific legal requirements for subprime contracts are not as extensively defined in the law as for prime contracts – there’s a lot more leeway for contractors and subcontractors to shape the terms of the contract to suit both parties.

However, that doesn’t mean there are no legal requirements. The main thing that subcontracts must outline is who is performing the work, what work they’re performing, and the timelines that the work is to be delivered.

For example, under the Public Contracts Code, prime contractors must list subcontractors for specific portions of work, with penalties for improper substitution or failure to specify a subcontractor.

Standardized Prime Contracts

There are quite a few standardized formats of prime contracts. With these standardized formats, you don’t have to worry about compliance – these contracts are proven to cover all areas of contract law for construction contractors in California.

Federal Government Construction Contracts: These contracts, used by various federal agencies, contain standard provisions that are federally formulated and recognized.
American Institute of Architects (AIA) Contract: AIA contracts are another standard form, focusing on agreements between owners and contractors for construction services.

Key Differences Between Prime and Subprime Contracts

Prime contracts involve a direct agreement with the project owner and encompass overall project responsibility, while subprime contracts are agreements between the prime contractor and other specialized contractors for specific project components​​​.

Common Elements in Both Prime and Subprime Contracts

  • Scope of Work: Detailed description of the specific work or services the subcontractor is expected to perform.
  • Payment Terms: Clearly defined payment schedules, amounts, and conditions under which payments will be made.
  • Duration and Schedule: Stipulation of the timeframe for the subcontractor’s work, including start and end dates, and any scheduling requirements.
  • Change Order Procedures: Guidelines on how changes to the scope of work or contract terms are to be handled, including any necessary approvals.
  • Compliance with Laws: Requirement for the subcontractor to comply with all applicable laws, regulations, and building codes.
  • Licensing and Certification: Assurance that the contractor holds all necessary licenses and certifications required for the work.
  • Insurance and Bonding: Specifications of required insurance coverage and bonding the subcontractor must maintain.
  • Indemnification: Clauses that outline responsibilities for liabilities, damages, or losses incurred during the project.
  • Dispute Resolution: Terms for resolving disputes that may arise during the course of the project, including arbitration or litigation procedures.
  • Termination Conditions: Conditions under which either party can terminate the contract, including for breach of contract or failure to meet performance standards.
  • Safety and Quality Standards: Requirements for safety practices and quality standards to be maintained by the subcontractors.

As a contractor, staying legally compliant and making sure that your business is protected from any legal issues is a 24/7 job. In fact, you will probably spend more time working on the bureaucratic side of your contracting business than doing actual contracting work – especially on larger projects.

Knowing the ins and outs of a prime and subprime contract as a contractor is critical to building and maintaining a successful contracting business in 2023. The best advice we can offer is to hire a lawyer to handle all of your contracts, or at least to look them over before you send them out.

Lawyers might cost a little money – okay, they cost a lot of money – but the amount of time, money, and energy they save in the long run means that spending upfront is well worth it.

Additional Reading

Virginia Tech – Prime Contract: Format and Major Components

  • A fantastic primer on the basics of Prime Contract law, with more depth than we can go into in this blog! We recommend this to anyone looking to learn more about this topic.

The CSLB Class A General Engineering License: A Comprehensive Guide

If you’re a contractor, engineer, or someone looking to begin a career down either of these paths, you have probably wondered about the CSLB Class A General Engineering License.

This license covers all the activities of a general engineering contractor in California – everything from planning an interstate highway project to fixing the irrigation system on the Capitol building. We’ll cover what the Class A License is, what jobs you can do, what jobs you can’t do, and so much more.

Let’s dig in!

Defining the Class A General Engineering License

Outlined in the Business & Professions Code Division 3, Chapter 9, Contractors, Article 4, Classifications 7056, the Class A General Engineering Contractor license is required for individuals whose primary contracting work is “associated with fixed works demanding specialized engineering knowledge and skill​.”

According to the CSLB, a general engineering contractor is “a contractor whose principal contracting business is in connection with fixed works requiring specialized engineering knowledge and skill, including the following divisions or subjects: irrigation, drainage, water power, water supply, flood control, inland waterways, harbors, docks and wharves, shipyards and ports, dams and hydroelectric projects, levees, river control and reclamation works, railroads, highways, streets and roads, tunnels, airports and airways, sewers and sewage disposal plants and systems, waste reduction plants, bridges, overpasses, underpasses and other similar works, pipelines and other systems for the transmission of petroleum and other liquid or gaseous substances, parks, playgrounds and other recreational works, refineries, chemical plants and similar industrial plants requiring specialized engineering knowledge and skill, powerhouses, power plants and other utility plants and installations, mines and metallurgical plants, land leveling and earthmoving projects, excavating, grading, trenching, paving and surfacing work and cement and concrete works in connection with the above mentioned fixed works.”

Holy cow – that’s a lot of words!

In short, the CSLB Class A License is predominantly aimed at general contracting tasks encompassing construction, alteration, repair, remodeling, demolition, and the management of various large-scale projects including highways, roads, railroads, and other significant structures within the state of California. Usually, these projects are large in scale and involve teams of Class B and Class A contractors working to execute the project.

Class A contractors, unlike Class B or Class C contractors, have a scope of work that exists outside simple residential or commercial contracting. Unlike these other contractors, Class A contractors work on the “bigger” projects, often governmental projects, involving substantial expertise and scale.

You’ll see Class A contractors on every public works project. If someone’s building a new bridge; if you see sensitive excavation work; if you see a tunnel being dug for a new railway – all of these projects are being overseen by one or multiple Class A contractors.

In general, Class A contractors are “hands-off” contractors, usually involved more in the planning and management of the project, rather than being on-site to oversee teams or performing specialty work. However, Class A contractors may hold Class B or Class C licenses and may do work on their own projects in some situations.

Types of Projects Class A Contractors Do

Class A contractors in California are entrusted with the responsibility of executing fixed works that necessitate specialized engineering knowledge and skill. Unlike Class B and Class C license holders, that usually means big public works projects that involve tons of expertise in physics and engineering.

Usually, these projects are governmental projects where thousands or millions of people will interact with the construction. This high level of use means that an engineer’s knowledge and expertise are necessary to complete the project in a way that is safe and resilient for the public.

Here’s a closer look at common types of projects that Class A contractors take on:

Infrastructure Development:

  • Water-Related Projects: This includes irrigation, drainage, water power, water supply, and flood control projects. Water needs to be managed carefully, which is where an engineer’s expertise comes in.
  • Transportation Networks: Construction and maintenance of inland waterways, harbors, docks, wharves, shipyards, ports, railroads, highways, streets, roads, tunnels, airports, and airways fall under this category. Anything public and aimed towards the movement of people and things.
  • Energy Projects: Dams, hydroelectric projects, powerhouses, power plants, and other utility plants and installations are part of the energy infrastructure projects​.

Environmental and Public Health Projects:

  • Waste Management: Projects related to sewers, sewage disposal plants and systems, and waste reduction plants contribute to environmental sanitation​.
  • River Control and Reclamation Works: These projects help in controlling river flow and reclaiming land for productive use​.

Industrial and Commercial Constructions

  • Industrial Plants: Construction of refineries, chemical plants, and similar industrial plants requiring specialized engineering knowledge and skill are undertaken by Class A contractors​
  • Transmission Systems: They also engage in projects related to pipelines and other systems for the transmission of petroleum and other liquid or gaseous substances.

Recreational and Other Constructions

  • Recreational Facilities: Parks, playgrounds, and other recreational works fall under the purview of Class A contractors.
  • Structural Constructions: This encompasses bridges, overpasses, underpasses, and other similar works. This is probably the most common type of Class A job.

The Most Common Types Of Class A Construction Projects 2023

Here are the most common types of projects Class A license holders are involved in this year:

  • Airport Construction and Renovation: Involves the building of runways, terminals, and control towers, requiring precision in large-scale construction and adherence to strict aviation regulations.
  • Railroad Construction: Class A contractors are responsible for laying new railroad tracks, constructing train stations, and maintaining rail system infrastructure.
  • Dam Construction and Maintenance: Building new dams for water reservoirs or hydroelectric power, as well as maintaining and upgrading existing dams. You’re seeing fewer of these projects, however, as the environmental impact of dams is becoming more clear as climate change wreaks havoc on our world.
  • Tunneling and Underground Construction: Constructing tunnels for transportation, utilities, or water systems, often involving complex geological and environmental considerations. One of the most common Class A projects.
  • Port and Harbor Development: Constructing docks, piers, and related maritime facilities, requiring knowledge of marine engineering and environmental impacts. These are huge undertakings that require teams of Class A contractors to get done.
  • Large-scale Solar or Wind Farm Installation: Planning and installation of renewable energy farms, including the setup of solar panels or wind turbines and connecting them to the power grid. Very popular at this moment in time.
  • Industrial Plant Construction: Building facilities such as refineries, chemical plants, or manufacturing units, which require adherence to strict industry-specific standards, usually aimed toward public safety.

Can A Class A Contractor Do Construction Work?

Class A contractors are allowed to self-perform work falling within their license classification, which includes an extensive range of construction activities. Here’s a breakdown of construction tasks and how they relate to Class A work.

  • Direct Execution by Class A Contractors:
    • Class A contractors can personally execute tasks that are integral to their engineering projects. For example, they might directly handle aspects of concrete work, earthmoving, and structural framework construction, especially if these tasks are critical to the overall engineering project.
    • They have the license and legal authority to perform such tasks without needing to subcontract, provided they have the necessary skills and resources.
  • Subcontracting Specialized Work:
    • For tasks that require specialized trade skills not covered by their license or expertise, Class A contractors often subcontract these to Class C (specialty) contractors. This includes work like detailed electrical installations, specialized plumbing, or intricate metalwork.
    • Subcontracting is also common for tasks that are part of the project but not within the core expertise of the Class A contractor, such as specialized aspects of building construction or finishing work.
  • Project Size and Complexity:
    • In large-scale projects, which are typical for Class A contractors, direct hands-on involvement in every task is often impractical. Therefore, while they can legally perform many construction tasks, the scale and complexity of their projects usually necessitate the use of subcontractors for efficiency and expertise.
    • For smaller or less complex components of a project, a Class A contractor might choose to do the work directly, especially if it falls within their area of expertise or if it’s more cost-effective.
  • Management and Oversight:
    • A significant role of Class A contractors is the overall project management and oversight. This often includes coordinating with various subcontractors, ensuring compliance with safety and building codes, and maintaining the project schedule and budget.
    • Their primary focus is on ensuring that all aspects of the construction project, whether performed by them or by subcontractors, meet the required standards and specifications.

Do You Need An Engineering Degree To Be A Class A Contractor?

The common thread among these diverse projects is the requirement for specialized engineering knowledge and skills – an undertaking that usually requires higher education.

While you technically do not need a bachelor’s degree or equivalent 4-year degree in engineering, it is all but necessary for you to find any real work. Nobody is going to trust a multi-billion dollar public works project to someone who hasn’t got the mathematical, physical, and engineering skills to safely and properly do engineering work.

That’s why most colleges and universities in the U.S. offer engineering degrees. Without a strong basis in engineering knowledge, there’s no way you’re passing the CSLB exam, let alone getting hired by an engineering firm.

In short – while you technically do not need an engineering degree to get your Class A license, in practice, you absolutely need it. Where the rubber meets the road, all Class A engineers must have the knowledge and expertise a 4-year engineering degree gives you.
significance of staying updated with the latest amendments and requirements.


A Class A General Engineering license is a golden ticket for many construction professionals who are burned out on the day-to-day grind of on-site construction, or for young people just entering the workforce who want a consistent, steady job that pays well and doesn’t require them to be out in the elements 200 days a year.

If you want to be a part of the construction industry but want to do it from the comfort of a desk – the Class A General Engineering license is probably for you. Just get ready to head back to school!

Additional Reading

CSLB Official Website
CSLB Examination Study Guides
CSLB Examination FAQs
California Contractors Exam Study Materials

The Best Ways To Generate Leads For Contractors

The biggest difficulty of being a construction contractor – and perhaps any profession – is to keep the work flowing in.

The nature of construction work means that finding and keeping customers is a constant battle of keeping up with new forms of finding new customers and balancing that against the time-intensive lead gen strategies of yore.

So how do contractors generate leads? What are the best ways to go about not only growing your list of leads but maintaining them over time?

Let’s take a look.

What is Lead Generation?

Lead generation involves identifying and cultivating potential customers for a business’s products or services. For contractors, this means finding individuals or businesses that are interested in whatever services you provide as a contractor. That can be anything from general contracting services to Class C services like plumbing or electrical work.

The goal is to capture high-quality leads – people who are actively searching for contractor services and convert them into customers via a network of marketing and sales tactics that make up your lead gen operations.

Why is Lead Generation Important for Construction Contracting Businesses?

Lead generation is vital for contractors as it helps build a steady pipeline of potential projects, ensures consistent work, and contributes to the continual growth of your contracting business. Without effective lead generation, contractors may struggle with irregular workloads and revenue streams, which has a knock-on effect throughout the entire business.

As a contractor, you need steady work to survive, and the only way to find steady work is through a robust, consistent lead generation program.

A good lead generation funnel is focused on building trust. Your goal is to signal to the customer that you are a trusted professional who will fulfill their needs with as little friction or fear as possible. Your objective as a contractor is to signal that you are not only capable of doing the job but doing it with the least amount of fuss.

With that in mind, lead generation is essentially a lockpicking operation. Your goal is to match the right key with the right lock – which means creating a broad network of tools to access the multitude of different customers contractors must serve.

For that reason, lead generation is all about diversity and consistency. It’s your objective as a contractor to give as many different people as many different ways of reaching your business as possible, as frequently as possible, over an extended period of time.

Let’s go into some ways to do that.

The Most Common Lead Generators For Contractors

There’s so many different ways to generate leads these days, that it’s hard to know which ones to focus on. We can always look to the industry for clues as to which are the best ways to approach customers.

Here are the most common ways that contractors find leads in 2023. These approaches serve as a valid blueprint for any contractor to grow their lead generation operations for their contracting business.

Digital Marketing For Contractors

  • SEO and Website Optimization: Ensuring your website is optimized for search engines is crucial as the most common way for people to find contractors is by searching “local _____ near me”. SEO allows them to find you, and an optimized website is the way to better SEO. Improving your SEO and website presence includes using relevant keywords, creating quality content, and ensuring your site is mobile-friendly, but can get as granular as you like. Hiring a professional to help with this can pay big dividends.
  • Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO): CRO is a huge part of converting cold leads into warm leads and warm leads into customers. A contractor can generate so many leads just by installing a lead generation tool on their website, where interest parties can sign up. Lead gen captures can increase visitor conversion by 20%, giving you essential information like email addresses and phone numbers that you can then follow up with to earn their business.
  • Pay-Per-Click (PPC) Advertising: PPC campaigns on search programs like Google allow contractors to target specific audiences, so you only pay for ads directed toward only people looking for your services in your area. Contractors who don’t advertise on Google and Bing are at a disadvantage.
  • Social Media Advertising: Many contractor customers go to Facebook to find recommendations for contractors. Like PPC advertising, paid social ads are targeted advertisements that can reach these potential leads where they’re actively looking for just your services.
  • Social Media Content Marketing: A great way to expand your marketing reach is content marketing. This involves sharing photo and video content online with people on Facebook, Instagram, and TikTok. These tools help in gaining organic reach within local areas by connecting you with cold leads who may need contracting work. However, these tools require strategic application to be effective, so hiring a professional like a marketing manager or social media manager who can handle the creation and deployment of content.
  • Website Content: Another place where you can gain a competitive edge over your competitors is to have content on your own website that can gain the trust of your audience. For example, tools like CompanyCam and ProjectMapIt allow contractors to share project updates and photos in real-time, turning existing customer relationships into lead-generation opportunities. Blogs and other pieces of expert content can establish your authority in your area of expertise and gain cold leads via SEO. The bottom line is consistent, valuable content on your website can be the type of unique, eye-catching marketing that can set you apart from your competitors.r
  • Facebook Groups: Active participation in relevant Facebook groups can generate leads by answering queries and subtly promoting services.
  • Webinars: Hosting informative webinars on relevant topics can attract interested homeowners and collect their contact details for follow-up.

In-Person and Physical Marketing For Contractors

  • Trade Shows and Networking Events: Participating in local trade shows and networking events can help you connect with potential clients and industry peers. This is where business cards and happy hours come in – so vendors and customers can come together to meet each others’ needs.
  • Direct Mail and Print Ads: Traditional advertising methods, such as direct mail campaigns and print ads in local publications, can effectively reach local audiences, although we’re seeing these wane in relevancy and value over time.

Referrals and Affiliate Programs For Contractors

  • Referral Programs: A referral program that rewards existing customers for bringing in new business is a hugely effective way to entice customers to pass on your name whenever they need work. Word of mouth is the most effective way to gain new business – so give your customers a way to reward you for your good work!
  • Discounts: Along the lines of a referral program, offering discounts to longtime customers can pay big dividends. Not only will they continue to come back to you for whatever specialty they’re in, but the special attention will encourage them to recommend your service to others.

Local Contractor Lead Gen Resources

  • Local Chambers of Commerce: Joining your local chamber can provide networking opportunities, enhance your business’s credibility, and offer access to business resources and professional development. As a construction contractor, this is a critical thing to do – everyone, in every industry, has a need for physical construction.
  • Community Involvement: Engaging in community projects or local sponsorships can increase your visibility and reputation within the community. One of the most common forms this takes is sponsors of local Little League baseball teams or other organizations tailored towards the community youth.

Overlooked Lead Generators For Construction Contractors

Now that you know the most common types of construction contractor lead generators, let’s take a look at some areas that many contracting businesses overlook. These are areas where you can gain an advantage over your less thorough competitors.

Email Marketing For Contractors

Building an email list is a powerful way to connect directly with potential leads by fostering a high-visibility, but highly-unintrusive relationship with a potential customer over a series of emails. Usually, these emails are acquired through website lead-gen, but can also be acquired locally via trade shows or local chambers of commerce meetings.

Here are some general tips about email marketing for contractors.

  • Segment Your List: Understand who your clients are, where they live, and their needs, then separate them out based on customer profiles. Age, income, and location can be key considerations for contractors.
  • Personalization: Customize email content to these individual demographics to increase engagement and open rates​​.
  • Creating Irresistible Offers: Include compelling offers like discounts or free resources to entice recipients. In the contracting world, these may be tips and tricks for house maintenance or things to worry about in the construction world.
  • Automate Your Emails: Most mail clients like Mailchimp or Klaviyo allow for constant automation – so you can generate leads without any effort from you.
  • Keep It Short And Simple: Keep all emails direct and to the point, covering one topic in a minimal amount of time and energy.

Door-to-Door Sales For Contractors

An often-overlooked and often-looked-down upon method to growing your contracting business, door-to-door sales can still be hugely effective, especially in older neighborhoods and especially for contractors working as B-2 Remodeling Contractors.

Door-to-door sales allow for personalized, customized contact with your potential customer. It also allows you to gain information about them, like their email or phone number or even their area of concern, so you can personalize your other marketing efforts towards them. Creating personalized emails or packages for each customer can improve your chances of landing them as a client.

It’s important to note if you are a salesperson selling Home Improvement services to homeowners in California, you need an HIS contractor’s license as per the Contractors State License Board.

Out Of Home (OOH) Marketing

One hugely effective way to reach cold customers as a contractor is Out Of Home(or OOH) Marketing. This type of marketing involves some physical material, like a billboard or a car wrap with your company’s logo, name, and number on it.

This is still an extremely effective way of reaching people in any business, but for local contracting businesses, it’s been shown to be incredibly powerful at gaining awareness for contractors.

Your average person, for example, simply doesn’t know any HVAC professionals in their area – but they’ll remember the one person whose name they saw on a billboard or that one eye-catching vehicle wrap.

It’s all about repetition and awareness in the construction industry, as most people are cold leads right up until their pipe bursts and they need a plumber. Out-of-home advertising is a highly valuable, highly efficient way to continually inform your future customers of who you are and what you do.

Know Your Niche As A Contractor

Perhaps the most important aspect of ALL lead generation is to know where you’re positioned – and the opportunities that your position in the industry presents. It’s critical, before you even start on a comprehensive lead gen program, to know exactly what unique service you offer, and how you’re going to offer that service!

For example, if you’re a general contractor operating in Los Angeles, your lead generation will focus on bigger, more general projects, but even then, if you specialize in say, data centers vs. high-rise residential, you need to tailor your lead gen to where that audience gathers. On the other hand, if you’re a pool specialist in Anchorage, Alaska, your lead generation will look a little more specialized.

The important thing here is to focus your energies on what you do well, and what you do differently than your competitors – then work on making sure your audience knows exactly how you can deliver a better final result than your competitors. Tailoring your lead generation strategies to your niche is extremely important in reaching the right audience and generating quality leads​​.

The Bottom Line

When it comes to lead generation, contractors must keep up with technology or get left behind – but that doesn’t mean the old-fashioned, tried-and-true methods are no longer effective.

The bottom line is that a comprehensive blend of all the lead generation tools available is the best strategy for construction contractors. The name of the game is reach and repetition; by employing a variety of different lead generation channels, and tailoring the approach to each unique audience, contractors can see a gigantic return on their investment in the short and long term.

Do You Need a Contractor License to Pour Concrete in California?

Whether you’re a homeowner aiming to pour a little sidewalk for your front yard, or a journeyman or apprentice concrete pourer thinking of striking out on your own, making sure your concrete project is legal and safe should be the number one priority on your checklist.

Before you even think about pouring a single drop of concrete; before you even think about digging a ditch, it’s critical that you ensure you’re doing everything by the book – as the punishments for running afoul of the law are significant.

With that in mind, let’s take a look at whether or not you need a license to pour concrete In California.

When Is a Contractor’s License Required?

Let’s get this out of the way at the top: a Contractor’s State Licensing Board (CSLB) license is required for any – that’s right, any – construction job that involves over $500 worth of labor and materials

A contractor’s license is generally required for any significant construction or renovation project beyond basic maintenance or “one-trip” jobs.

The majority of states have some form of state licensing program for general contractors, with the rules, fees, and requirements varying considerably. For instance, in Alabama, a license is needed for commercial, industrial, and residential work involving construction, alteration, or demolition of structures. As we’ve noted, in California, any work over $500 requires a license.

Types of Projects With and Without a Contractor’s License

In almost every state in the nation, but especially in California, you need a contractor’s license to perform high-level construction work. It makes sense: people should feel safe living and working in buildings, without the fear that they’ll collapse due to shoddy workmanship.

Contractors’ licenses, like the CSLB contractor license, ensure that construction professionals have the knowledge, experience, and ability to deliver safe and responsible construction services to the general public, with the power to enforce consequences of fines and even jail time!

With that said, there are still many jobs one can perform without a contractor’s license, including most small-scale concrete work. Here are the general types of jobs one can do with and without a contractor’s license, generally speaking.

  • With a Contractor’s License:
    • Large-scale construction projects (anything requiring trade work or subcontractors would fall under this category)
    • Structural renovations
    • Electrical, plumbing, or HVAC work
    • Projects that require permits (generally, there are, of course, exceptions)
  • Without a Contractor’s License:
    • Minor repairs and maintenance
    • Cosmetic upgrades
    • Simple installations like shelving
    • Small concrete jobs, like repairing a walkway

In some states, like Nevada, contractors need a Concrete License for any concrete work. This contrasts with states like Idaho and Illinois, where general contractors may only need to register without specific licensing requirements.

Hiring a Contractor for Concrete Work in California

For significant concrete work, such as pouring foundations, driveways, or large patios, California law requires hiring a licensed contractor. These projects demand expertise in California-specific building practices, adherence to safety standards, and an understanding of local environmental conditions.

The decision to hire a contractor for concrete work in California should be based on the project’s complexity and the homeowner’s expertise:

  • When to Hire a Contractor: For substantial projects like laying a new foundation, building a large patio, or any work that could affect the property’s structural integrity, you need to hire a licensed contractor or become licensed yourself. Considering most of these are projects involving more than $500, you are legally mandated to hire a contractor or to be one yourself.
  • Risks of DIY: While DIY might be tempting for smaller projects, improper execution can lead to long-term issues, from poor drainage to structural weaknesses. For any project over $500 or requiring specialized knowledge, hiring a licensed professional is the safest bet.

DIY Concrete Projects in California

California homeowners can engage in small-scale concrete projects, but they must be aware of local regulations and permit requirements. For non-structural work not exceeding $500, homeowners may not need a contractor’s license.

In California, platforms, walkways, and driveways not exceeding 30 inches above grade and not over any basement or story below do not require a building permit. However, for larger or structural projects, permits and a licensed contractor are required.

Pouring Concrete on Private Property in California

In California, pouring concrete on your own property generally doesn’t require a contractor’s license for non-commercial, small-scale projects. However, as we’ve covered, structural or larger projects like driveways, foundations, and the like do. In addition, local building codes and permit requirements must be followed, especially for more extensive projects.

When it comes to pouring concrete on your own property in California, the need for a permit is dictated by the scope and scale of the project:

  • You Don’t Need A License To Pour Concrete For: Smaller projects like a garden pathway or a minor driveway repair, you usually don’t need a permit if the work does not alter the overall structure or safety of the property.
  • You Need A License For: For more extensive projects, such as building a new driveway with significant elevation changes, a permit is generally required to ensure compliance with local building codes. This is particularly important in areas prone to environmental issues like flooding or earthquakes.
  • Any Job Over $500 Requires A Contractors License: As we stated at the very beginning of this article, any construction job over $500 requires a CSLB license in California.

With all that covered, let’s take a look at exactly the type of license needed to pour concrete on jobs over $500 in California.

The California C-8 Concrete Contractor License

In California, the specific license required to perform concrete work is the C-8 Concrete Contractor License.

The C-8 license encompasses a broad range of activities associated with concrete work, which include:

  • Forming, pouring, placing, and finishing specified mass, pavement, flat, and other concrete work.
  • Setting screeds for pavements or flatwork.
  • Tasks such as demolition, excavation, measurement, mixing mortar, constructing retaining walls, foundations, slab work, post-tensioning work, and curing concrete.
  • The license does not cover work that is primarily related to plaster coatings or the placement and erection of steel bars for reinforcing concrete structures.

General Contractors and Concrete Work in California

What if you’re a general contractor? Can a general contractor do concrete work on the job site you’re overseeing?

And what if you’re a homeowner? Can you simply hire a general contractor to do the concrete work?

The answer is, as always, it depends. Here’s a breakdown.

When Can A Class B General Contractor Can Do Concrete Work?

  • Minor Concrete Projects: Class B General Contractors in California can perform minor concrete work such as small repairs or laying a patio or walkway. This is applicable as long as the project is within the scope of general building work.
  • Part of Larger Projects: If concrete work is a component of a larger building project, like constructing a residential home or a commercial building, a Class B General Contractor can oversee and perform the concrete-related tasks.
  • Non-Specialized Work: For standard concrete work that doesn’t require specialized skills or advanced techniques (like basic foundations, standard driveways, and sidewalks), a Class B General Contractor is qualified to manage and execute the task.

When Is A C-8 Concrete Contractor License Required To Pour Concrete?

  • Specialized Concrete Projects: For projects that require specialized concrete work, such as high-strength structural concrete or intricate decorative concrete, a Class C Concrete (C-8) License may be necessary. These projects often demand specific expertise and techniques beyond the scope of general building work.
  • Independent Concrete Contracting: If a general contractor wishes to operate independently as a concrete contractor, bidding on and executing concrete projects exclusively, a Class C Concrete License is required. This license ensures that the contractor possesses the specialized knowledge and experience needed for advanced concrete work.
  • Large-Scale, Complex Projects: For large-scale projects that involve complex structural elements or unique construction methods involving concrete, a specialized concrete contractor with a Class C License is typically needed. This includes projects like multi-story buildings where concrete is a primary structural component.


As is often the case with these situations, what kinds of jobs a general contractor or homeowner can do on their own property or job site varies and depends on various different factors.

In general, you need a C-8 Contractor License if you’re doing any sort of concrete work. Any concrete job that requires more than $500 in materials automatically requires a licensed C-8 contractor to perform the job, unless it’s a general contractor performing the work themselves on their own job site.

If it’s a small project as a homeowner, like a small path, then you most likely can do it by yourself. Just make sure you’re staying within your local codes and guidelines.

Can a General Contractor Close Access to the Owner on a Construction Jobsite?

As a general contractor, you spend more time putting out fires than pretty much anything else.

It’s not a problem – most general contractors are natural problem-solvers and improvisers by nature, so we’re not shy when it comes to overcoming obstacles, even when those problems are people.

Dealing with subcontractors, haggling with suppliers, overseeing administrative teams, and interfacing with stakeholders – general contractors are constantly dealing with the expectations and demands of various groups of people, all with drastically different needs.

Usually, gen cons can handle these problems, as we’re the captains of the ship, and everyone answers to us. But what about those exceedingly rare situations where the client is the problem?

What do you do, as a general contractor, when the client themselves is causing you problems?

As a GC, you often have to solve problems with people by cutting ties with them and getting them away from the job site. But what can you do about an overreaching owner? Or worse, an owner who is putting your team in danger?

In some cases, you simply cannot do anything but ban the owner’s access to their own property while you do the things you need to do as a general contractor. Let’s learn more about this unique situation.

General Contractors and Owner Access: The Big Picture

To be entirely honest, understanding the legal intricacies of owner-contractor rights is a nigh-impossible task for construction professionals. After all, we’re here to build things – you wouldn’t hire a lawyer to install a toilet!

We could talk until we’re blue in the face about who has access to what and when, but the stark reality is that what’s legal in one place could be illegal in another across the giant geography that is the United States.

Instead of trying to get granular, we’re going to cover some of the main legal areas of importance governing owner access – and the rights of general contractors when it comes to denying access to owners. These legal goalposts serve as the federal frameworks around which localities and states build their own rules and regulations.

  • Implied Obligation of Access: On the client side, there is an inherent obligation for property owners to provide contractors with adequate access to the construction site. This access is necessary for contractors to perform their work under the contract. The level of access required depends on the nature of the work, and as its name suggests, is implied in the contract, not expressly written.
    • Example: A simple example of this is for a residential building where the owner must allow the contractor to access the entire site for excavation and foundation work.
  • Owner’s Responsibility: Property owners must not only provide access but also ensure it is unobstructed for contractors. Any limitations on the contractor’s access must be explicitly stated in the contract. If an owner restricts access without a contractual basis, they risk breaching their obligations and may become liable for additional costs or losses incurred by the contractor​​​.
    • Example: A property owner restricts site access due to financial issues on the client side, but fails to specify this in the contract. This could result in the general contractor suing the property owner for losses.
  • Contractor’s Right To Work Without Interference: Contractors have the right to carry out work without interference from the property owner. This right is fundamental to construction contracts, and courts have shown a willingness to provide remedies for losses resulting from infringements of these rights​.
    • Example: A contractor may file a lawsuit against a property owner for repeatedly interrupting the work schedule, which infringes on the contractor’s right to work without interference.
  • Risk Allocation in Contracts: Construction contracts typically include provisions for risk distribution. These provisions aim to balance the responsibilities and liabilities between the owner and the contractor, so both parties can move forward in good faith. While specific clauses may attempt to shift responsibilities, the law generally imposes implied warranties and duties on both parties​.
    • Example: A contract outlining a high-rise commercial project might have 20-30 pages of risk allocation documents, specifically detailing the amount and type of risk allocated to both client and contractor. These documents can contain scenarios as wild as blizzard and tornado damage.
  • Cooperation and Non-Interference: Both the owner and the contractor are generally understood to have an implied duty to cooperate and not to impede or interfere with each other’s work. This mutual obligation is crucial for the successful completion of the project, though its application often depends on the individuals involved​.
    • Example: A common issue here is a failure on the client’s end to handle certain things like permits or materials. In many residential situations, it’s on the homeowner or landowner to get the necessary building permits.

When Can A General Contractor Close A Site To The Owner?

There are very few situations where general contractors can close access to the landowner, and even then, it is because they are being ordered to close the site as per regulations or regulatory bodies themselves.

The situations where you are allowed to close access to an owner as a general contractor are the extreme situations you would expect – issues with health and safety, explicit contractual orders, or legal compulsion either by law or law enforcement.

General Contractors Can Close Access To Owners If:

  • Safety Concerns: If there are imminent safety risks on the site, contractors can restrict access to ensure safety protocols are followed.
  • Contractual Provisions: If the contract explicitly allows the contractor to control site access during certain project phases.
  • Legal Orders: In cases where a legal authority or court order restricts access due to external factors like public safety or legal disputes.

General Contractors Cannot Close Access If:

  • No Contractual Basis: If the contract does not explicitly give the contractor the authority to restrict access, they cannot restrict access.
  • Owner’s Legal Rights: When the owner has legal rights to access the site for inspections, monitoring progress, or other purposes outlined in the law or contract.
  • Pretty Much Every Situation: If you are considering any restriction that is not based on safety, legal, or contractual reasons – assume you cannot restrict an owner’s access.


The answer to the question: “When can a general contractor close access to the owner?” is rather simple – you usually can’t.

Owners are owners for a reason. It’s their property, so it makes no sense that a contractor would be able to refuse access to them.

Except for rare circumstances – or if it’s outlined in the contract – general contractors should act with the assumption that they cannot prevent owners from accessing their site. The only time you can really prevent an owner from accessing their property is in extreme circumstances – health and safety issues or situations where law enforcement is forcing you to shut the site down.